印度央行向政府提早派息 為莫迪助選 (好似係)

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印度央行行長Shaktikanta Das同財政部長Shaktikanta Das開會後,央行決定向政府發放中期「股息」2800億盧比(約40億美元)。

莫迪政府今年要大選,所以係早前嘅財政預算中就農民派發現金援助。因此政府需要提取央行資金,以降低赤字數字。

今次係連續第二年印度央行向政府支付中期股息。要記得,提前發放股息係上任央行行長Urjit Patel與政府不和,並最終提早離任嘅原因。

莫迪政府唔只希望支取央行股息,亦一直話央行股本太高,認為政府可以支取當中2700億盧比股本;並指印度央行可以用多餘嘅資本投放係銀行體系,加強銀行體系嘅資本充足水平。

呢一系列嘅舉動都被認為係政府採用央行資源黎「助選」,有干預央行獨立嘅情況。要記得上年土耳其都係因為央行被政府「施壓」要刺激經濟,為總統Erdogan助選,最終令外國資金對土國失去信心,令土國出現匯市危機。

當然,印度政府向央行要求股息係合乎法律規例。印度Economic Times指出,政府係按照RBI Act Section 47 支取股息。RBI Act Section 47 :

“After making provision for bad and doubtful debts, depreciation in assets, contribution to staff and superannuation fund and for all matters for which provision is to be made by or under the Act or which are usually provided by bankers, the balance of the profits shall be paid to the central government.” 


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